Print and e-books can be referenced in the same way. For each reference, you should include the following information in the order given:
Cottrell, S. (2011) Critical thinking skills: developing effective analysis and argument. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
More than one author:
Moore, S., Neville, C., Murphy, M. and Connolly, C. (2010) The ultimate study skills handbook. Maidenhead: Open University Press
An edited work:
Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. (eds) (1987) Youth work. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
For each reference, you should include the following information in the order given:
Smith, P.H. (1951) ‘The overall allocation of resources’, in Chester, D.N. (ed) Lessons of the British war economy. Westport: Greenwood Press, pp.34-57.
Print and e-journal articles can be referenced in a similar way. For each reference, you should include the following information in the order given:
Jackson, S.J. and Hokowhitu, B. (2002) 'Sport, tribes and technology: the New Zealand All Blacks haka and the politics of identity', Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 26 (2), pp.125-139.
If the same author has written two or more works in the same year, distinguish between them by adding a, b,…into the citation.
For example, your citations would read: (Smith, 2004a), and then (Smith, 2004b)
Similarly, your reference list would read:
Smith, A. (2004a) etc…
Smith, A. (2004b) etc...
For example, the book you have read is by Smith but cites work by Jones that you would like to use. If possible, always read the original work, in this example, by Jones.
Alternatively, you can reference the title by Smith; this is called a secondary reference.
Your citation would read: (Jones, 2001, cited in Smith, 2004, p.77).
Your reference at the end would use the details of the book you have read: Smith, A. (2004) etc…
If you are referring to ideas expressed throughout a chapter or throughout a whole book/article, there is no need to include page numbers in your citation. Do add page numbers when:
If a title is by more than three authors, your citation should list the first author followed by et al.
Your citation would read: (Smith et al., 2004).
Your reference, however, should include all of the named authors.
If no date is given, more usually with webpages, use (no date).
Your citation would read: (Smith, no date)
Your reference would read: Smith, A. (no date) etc…
No. As long as the citation clearly refers to the relevant information you can put this in a way that works best for the sentence. Some examples are: